NO5116 : St Andrews Castle

taken 2 years ago, near to St Andrews, Fife, Great Britain

This is 1 of 30 images, with title St Andrews Castle in this square
St Andrews Castle
St Andrews Castle
St Andrews Castle is on a rocky promontory overlooking the North Sea and a small beach called Castle Sands. The castle was the official residence of Scotland’s leading bishop (and later archbishop) throughout the Middle Ages. Its scale demonstrated the power and wealth of the church at that time.

In the fourteenth century, the castle suffered significant damage during the Wars of Independence with England and had to be substantially rebuilt. Increasing religious tensions in the early 16th century led to further building works, the castle’s defences being strengthened the by building of new gun towers. Following the martyring of preacher, George Wishart Protestants occupied the castle.

The ensuing siege by the Regent Arran caused wholesale damage to the castle and resulted in the castle acquiring perhaps its most treasured feature – the mine and countermine. These underground passages are unique survivals of mediaeval siege warfare.

The badly damaged castle was repaired by Archbishop John Hamilton in a style which contrasted strongly with the defensive works of his predecessors, and implied that Hamilton regarded his castle as a residence more than a fortification. Following the abolition of episcopacy in 1592, the castle was effectively left without a resident or a function and it fell rapidly into ruin. In 1801 the great hall fell into the sea and further losses continued until the construction of a sea wall in 1886.

The castle's grounds are now maintained by Historic Scotland.

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NO5116, 579 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
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Date Taken
Friday, 28 June, 2019   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 11 April, 2020
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts 
Primary Subject of Photo
Castle 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NO 5124 1690 [10m precision]
WGS84: 56:20.5159N 2:47.4224W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NO 5123 1688
View Direction
North-northeast (about 22 degrees)
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Castle  St Andrews Castle 

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