NO5116 : St Andrews Castle

taken 2 years ago, near to St Andrews, Fife, Great Britain

This is 1 of 30 images, with title St Andrews Castle in this square
St Andrews Castle
St Andrews Castle
St Andrews Castle is on a rocky promontory overlooking the North Sea and a small beach called Castle Sands. The castle was the official residence of Scotland’s leading bishop (and later archbishop) throughout the Middle Ages. Its scale demonstrated the power and wealth of the church at that time.

In the fourteenth century, the castle suffered significant damage during the Wars of Independence with England and had to be substantially rebuilt. Increasing religious tensions in the early 16th century led to further building works, the castle’s defences being strengthened the by building of new gun towers. Following the martyring of preacher, George Wishart Protestants occupied the castle.

The ensuing siege by the Regent Arran caused wholesale damage to the castle and resulted in the castle acquiring perhaps its most treasured feature – the mine and countermine. These underground passages are unique survivals of mediaeval siege warfare.

The badly damaged castle was repaired by Archbishop John Hamilton in a style which contrasted strongly with the defensive works of his predecessors, and implied that Hamilton regarded his castle as a residence more than a fortification. Following the abolition of episcopacy in 1592, the castle was effectively left without a resident or a function and it fell rapidly into ruin. In 1801 the great hall fell into the sea and further losses continued until the construction of a sea wall in 1886.

The castle's grounds are now maintained by Historic Scotland.

LinkExternal link Andrews Castle

See other images of St Andrews Castle
Creative Commons Licence [Some Rights Reserved]   © Copyright Mat Fascione and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
1:50,000 Modern Day Landranger(TM) Map © Crown Copyright
TIP: Click the map for Large scale mapping
Change to interactive Map >
Grid Square
NO5116, 578 images   (more nearby search)
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Friday, 26 July, 2019   (more nearby)
Sunday, 4 August, 2019
Geographical Context
Coastal  Historic sites and artefacts 
Primary Subject of Photo
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NO 512 169 [100m precision]
WGS84: 56:20.5214N 2:47.4128W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NO 512 168
View Direction
Northwest (about 315 degrees)
Looking for a postcode? Try this pageExternal link
Clickable map

Other Tags
Castle (Ruin) 

Click a tag, to view other nearby images.

Image Type (about): geograph 
This page has been viewed about 20 times.
View this location: KML (Google Earth) · Google MapsExternal link · Bing MapsExternal link · Geograph Coverage Map · geotagged! More Links for this image
W Go E
thumbs up icon