NZ3966 : Frenchman's Bay at South Shields

taken 4 years ago, near to South Shields, South Tyneside, Great Britain

Frenchman's Bay at South Shields
Frenchman's Bay at South Shields
Frenchman's Bay was once popular with smugglers and was named after a French ship that ran aground here in the 17th century. At one time it was a sandy bay, popular with visitors who descended the cliff by long wooden steps.

The cliff rocks were formed in the Permian period, 280 to 245 million years ago, when South Shields lay near the Equator. The soft, yellow sandstone at the base which was eroded by the sea to form the bay was formed by desert sand 250 million years ago. The desert was flooded by a warm, tropical sea forming a thin layer of dark marl slate with a large deposit of Magnesian Limestone above. The upper part of this layer has been folded by an underwater landslip and is known as the Raisby Formation. The top layer of rocks in the cliff are Concretionary Limestone overlaid with Boulder Clay deposited in the Ice Ages NZ3866 : Frenchman's Bay.
For full details of the Permian geology at this and neighbouring locations see LinkExternal link
A large coastal defence battery was constructed at Frenchmanís Point in the years 1900-1905 with 9.2-inch and 6-inch guns and was maintained with varying armament as part of the Tyne defences until 1943. The site was later partially demolished and landscaped and now forms part of the Leas recreational area LinkExternal link
The archaeology and history of the coast between South Shields and Whitburn was researched by the South Shields Arbeia Society in 2004 LinkExternal link

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NZ3966, 17 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Sunday, 27 August, 2017   (more nearby)
Submitted
Saturday, 10 February, 2018
Geographical Context
Coastal  Rocks, Scree, Cliffs 
Primary Subject of Photo
Bay 
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 390 661 [100m precision]
WGS84: 54:59.3103N 1:23.4478W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NZ 390 661
View Direction
WEST (about 270 degrees)
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Bay 

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Image Type (about): geograph 
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