SD7009 : Vertical Cross-Compound Engine, Bolton Steam Museum

taken 8 years ago, near to Bolton, Great Britain

Vertical Cross-Compound Engine, Bolton Steam Museum
Vertical Cross-Compound Engine, Bolton Steam Museum
This is a vertical cross-compound engine. It is a very rare design with long "parallel motion" rods to guide the piston and it is believed to be the only survivor of this type in the UK. The drive to the mill was taken via two large leather belts running on the rim of the large .

It was rescued from Messrs Jonas Kenyon's Dearneside Mills in Denby Dale when the company closed down in 1977 but it lay rusting in outside storage for 30 years. Eventually, when it was finally threatened with imminent scrapping, NMES brought it to Bolton in 2008 where it was rebuilt.

The original engine-maker is unknown, but it is known that it was rebuilt from earlier parts and installed at Dearneside Mills in about 1900 with the assistance of James Lumb & Sons of Elland, who were better known as makers of steam engine governors, recorders and other accessories.
The Bolton Steam Museum

Bolton Steam Museum is operated by volunteers from the Northern Mill Engine Society (NMES) who have rescued 25 of the old stationary steam engines which once powered the cotton mills of Lancashire and Yorkshire. It has the largest collection of working steam mill engines in the UK and probably the largest in the world.

The original museum was first opened to the public in 1983 in one of the original engine-houses of Atlas No 3 Mill where 5 of the rebuilt engines could be seen working in steam and over the following 7 years it became a well-known attraction in the area. However, in 1990, the mill complex was sold for redevelopment as a retail supermarket and the museum was in the way. Fortunately, the new owners, William Morrison Supermarkets, were sympathetic to the Society's plight and undertook to relocate the museum into another building on the far side of the site. Unfortunately, this meant dismantling all the engines, moving all the parts into the new building and beginning the rebuilding work all over again but the society now has the security of a long lease and has spent the last 22 years reassembling its collection, which has now grown to some 27 engines, in the new premises. The new building is ideal for the museum, with plenty of natural lighting and full crane coverage to assist with moving and assembling the heavy engine parts.

The Society's collection of steam engines now represents one of the largest in the UK. Due the fact that work is still in progress, it is not yet possible to open the museum to the public on a regular basis, although special Steam Open Days are held each year.

LinkExternal link Northern Mill Engine Society website

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SD7009, 99 images   (more nearby search)
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Date Taken
Sunday, 25 August, 2013   (more nearby)
Monday, 2 September, 2013
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts  Industry 
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Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 7000 0989 [10m precision]
WGS84: 53:35.0839N 2:27.2779W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! SD 6999 0990
View Direction
East-southeast (about 112 degrees)
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Other Tags
Industrial Heritage  Nineteenth Century  19th Century  Victorian  Stationary Steam Engine  Steam Engine  Mill Engine  Museum  Northern Mill Engine Society  NMES  Atlas Mill 

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