NS3678 : Remains of lime-kiln (detail)

taken 13 years ago, near to Renton, West Dunbartonshire, Great Britain

Remains of lime-kiln (detail)
Remains of lime-kiln (detail)
For the main description, and for a different view, see NS3678 : Remains of lime-kiln.

In this close-up view, the pit of the kiln is visible just below the centre of the image. The numerous stones are the scattered remains of the kiln's circular wall; many of them now lie on the slope below the pit.

The River Clyde and the hills beyond it can be made out in the background.
Old cornstone workings

Cornstone (a kind of limestone) was quarried from various locations on Carman Muir, to be burned for lime, but the industry was centred on this particular knoll: a ruined lime-kiln can be seen on its northern side, and there are extensive spoil mounds and signs of quarrying nearby. See LinkExternal link for an annotated satellite view centred on this area. See LinkExternal link for details of former quarrying on Carman Muir as a whole.

Carman Muir: outcrops and old quarry pits :: NS3778

See Link (in a Geograph article) for further information, and LinkExternal link for an annotated satellite view on which various features of geological interest (as well as traces of associated industries and other antiquities) are marked, as described below.

The topography of the parts of Carman Muir to the south of Cardross Road is determined to a large extent by cornstone deposits, which outcrop in places. Cornstone is an impure granular limestone, a fossil soil. Old quarry pits (probably worked before the nineteenth century) and possible test pits can be seen along the lines of these deposits; they are indicated by light blue marker pins on the annotated satellite view, and the cornstone outcrops are marked by orange pins.

This area, lying to the south of Cardross Road, exemplifies what the British Geological Survey refers to as the Kinnesswood Formation (see LinkExternal link at the BGS website for more information); this formation contains cornstone deposits.

Beside and to the north of Cardross Road are outcrops of sandstone rather than cornstone. The sandstone is best seen along a line of outcrops and pits beside the road (these are indicated by reddish marker pins on the annotated satellite view). Another prominent example lies at the ENE end of that line: a large disused red sandstone quarry, the old Fairy Knowe Quarry (later known as Carman Quarry) LinkExternal link at NS36967900. This area beside and to the north of the road exemplifies the Stockiemuir Sandstone Formation (see LinkExternal link at the BGS website for further details).

Both north and south of the road, the strata in this area generally dip at an angle of from 10 to 20 from the horizontal, descending towards the SSE; the Stockiemuir Sandstone Formation that is exposed beside and to the north of the road underlies the cornstone-containing Kinnesswood Formation to the south of the road.

The annotated satellite view also includes markers for various antiquities in the area:

● Ancient cairns: LinkExternal link
● Circular enclosure: LinkExternal link (originally reported as a hut circle)
● Carman (house): LinkExternal link
● Carman (enclosure): LinkExternal link
● Carman (field system): LinkExternal link

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NS3678, 137 images   (more nearby search)
Photographer
  (find more nearby)
Date Taken
Monday, 13 April, 2009   (more nearby)
Submitted
Monday, 13 April, 2009
Geographical Context
Historic sites and artefacts 
Ruin (from Tags)
Lime-Kiln 
Place (from Tags)
Carman Muir 
Period (from Tags)
18th Century 
Category
Lime kilns   (more nearby)
Subject Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 3685 7837 [10m precision]
WGS84: 55:58.2314N 4:36.9470W
Camera Location
OSGB36: geotagged! NS 3685 7837
View Direction
Southwest (about 225 degrees)
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